Public & Private Adoption
If you decide that adoption is the route that you would like to take, then you need to begin making a plan for your baby. First you will need to decide whether you want to place your baby in the public or the private system.
These adoptions are handled, paid for and regulated by provincial governments. This means that the legal costs and the professional fees of adoption licensees are covered by the government.
Placing a child through a government ministry is not as common as it used to be, but it is an option. As a birth mother, you would contact a social worker or a crisis pregnancy counselor in your community. They would connect you to an adoption worker who will help you develop an adoption plan for your baby.
Government adoptions are very tightly controlled and parents looking to adopt in the public system must go through criminal and medical record checks and a review of their family history. They must complete a home study, get an adoption order from a court and attend parenting classes. These are just a few of the things that adopting parents must do to qualify in the public system, so in many ways it is more tightly controlled than the private system.
To get started with a public adoption, you will need to contact the appropriate local government agency.
Click here for a list of local government agencies by province.
Private adoption agencies are licensed according to the provincial government in which they are located so the rules for private adoptions might change from province to province.
Most people (birth mothers and adopting couples) using private adoption agencies feel that they have more control over the process because it is not as strictly regulated as public adoptions.
A private adoption agency will allow birth mothers and their prospective parents to meet and discern if they are the right 'fit' for each other. They will have the possibility of determining together the kind of relationship they would like to maintain (open adoption vs closed adoption). Many prospective parents (both birth and adoptive) will choose private adoptions because of the freedom that it allows them in making these kinds of choices.
The adoptive parents will cover all of the costs of the adoption process including the adoption licensee and lawyers. The adoptive parents will cover the costs of counseling for the birth parents even if the birth parents change their mind and decide to parent their child.
Keep in mind that there are still very few newborn babies placed for adoption, so as a birth mother you have many couples to choose from.